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Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe

  International Conference on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe

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The International Conference on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe was an unprecedented gathering of leading international experts on nuclear proliferation and the erosion of existing safeguards surrounding this subject. The Conference was held in Luxembourg on May 24-25, 2007.

The level of its participants made the Conference the largest and most authoritative event to address the issue of nuclear non-proliferation over the last decade. The Conference brought together experts from 14 countris, including:

  • MOHAMED ELBARADEI, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  • SERGEY KIRIENKO, Head of the Russian Federal Agency for Atomic Energy, former Prime Minister of the Russian Federation
  • ROLF EKEUS, High Commissioner on National Minorities, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
  • NIKOLAY LAVEROV, Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  • WILLIAM PERRY, Member of the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission (WMDC), Stanford University Professor , former US Secretary of Defense
  • HANS BLIX WMDC Chairman, former IAEA Director General

The Conference has received wide coverage by leading media outlets around the world, including AP, AFP, BBC, CNN, DPA, EuroNews, Reuters, Time, The Independent, The Wall Street Journal, USA Today, as well as Russian news agencies ITAR-TASS, RIA Novosti, Interfax, RBC, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Kommersant, Vedomosti, Izvestia, Moskovskie Novosti, Nezavisimaya Gazeta and many others.

The Luxembourg forum was a scientific and practical gathering, free from any political bias. The discussion was held at the expert level behind closed doors to avoid quoting and ensure that participants can openly express their ideas, focusing not on detached musings but on effective, practical ways of countering one of the most dangerous threats to civilization

Conference participants discussed new challenges and threats to the Non-Proliferation Treaty and its regime, as well as the outlook for its development as the regime's supporting framework; the threat of nuclear terrorism; the issue of control over nuclear technologies and possible ways of international cooperation in this area; enhancement of the IAEA safeguards and export control mechanisms; and existing situation in the rogue states and regions (Middle East, Korean Peninsula and South Asia).

At the end of the Conference, the scientists and experts formulated specific proposals and recommendations on addressing the nuclear security issue, and had a preliminary discussion of issuing a Conference declaration. They came to the conclusion that the final Declaration should be approved after including all amendments proposed in the course of the discussion. The Declaration will contain proposals to avoid collapse of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, as well as a number of initiatives to resolve issues surrounding the nuclear programs in North Korea and Iran. The declaration will be circulated to world leaders and prominent politicians and to influential international organizations.

It was also suggested at the Conference that a permanent Luxembourg forum with an executive body and expert council should be founded. Once created, this will provide an efficient tool for researching and monitoring progress in nuclear technologies and materials non-proliferation, as well as the possibility of demonstrating to the global community the real danger of the nuclear threat, its scale and ways to prevent it.     

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